I suspect that this is not even possible, but I thought I'd post anyway -- just in case.
I use Chrome as my web browser. Most of my bookmarks etc. are in my main personal profile. At work though, when people share links with me, I have to be in my Google account from work. You switch profiles by clicking your avatar in the top/right of the Chrome window. It's also possible to make Desktop links directly to each profile. In my case the two link targets are:
C:\Program Files\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome_proxy.exe --profile-directory=Default
C:\Program Files\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome_proxy.exe" --profile-directory="Profile 1"
The problem is that, if you don't specify (by using one of the above links), Chrome will always open a link using the most recently-accessed profile. So multiple times per day, I'll open a link at work that someone sends me, then Chrome will pop up in my personal profile and give me an error message that I don't have permission to access the file. It's super-annoying!
What I'd like is some way to "tell" Chrome that if I open an Outlook email link, use my work profile. I guess that would need to be some kind of back-running utility that stays on all the time? I don't know. Maybe an Outlook add-in is what I need.