From what I can see, Shift+Arrow moves the whole rectangular selection, Alt+Arrow moves the top-left corner, and Arrow by itself moves the bottom-right corner. Ctrl+Arrow doesn't seem to do anything different than Arrow by itself. I'm guessing Ctrl+Arrow is for something I'm just not seeing, but if not, then Ctrl+Arrow would be a good choice for 10-pixel nudge. Otherwise, yes, Shift+Ctrl+Arrow would be sensible.
ETA: From the help, it sounds like Ctrl-Arrow is supposed to adjust the size of the selected area symmetrically, but this is not working for me.