Cataloguing is a solved problem. Bibliographic information is tied to the publication. Book catalogues use ISBNs, ISSNs, DOIs, and similar, as identifiers to which additional information is attached. There are additional systems, e.g. Dewey Decimal Classification, but they do not provide what you are looking for. Auto-updating is an undesirable feature in such systems.
To get what you want you'll need to cobble a custom solution, like the one Nod5 proposed. It'll still be difficult to precisely update new publications, as you'll probably need to automate finding something new by name, then look up ISBN, then check against all published ISBNs by the author, and then if it satisfies all of that it should be entered as new. Series data is also unreliable, as different publishers populate bibliographic data differently. E.g., when I work with books I rarely encounter series included, even if the book is part of them.
Have you thought about speaking with your local librarians? Perhaps at local university or public library? They might give you most relevant leads...after all this is what they are doing professionally.
Another option is building a catalogue in whichever software you like the most, and then having a virtual assistant check for updates every second week, or similar...