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Have used that method in the past, had to do a performance test with Oracle DB software on Windows/Linux and Intel/AMD. Using BIOS/UEFI to boot from different drives made that a lot easier (and the test results lees prone to interpretation).

And if you were dying to know...Oracle on Windows was only a little bit faster, but the Intel system did not have patches for SPECTRE, while the AMD system did. Speed was the only performance counter that mattered for the companies that wanted this particular test done.

1 WiFi networking device in your computer or laptop? 1 WiFi connection is possible, not 2 simultaneously.

However, if you mean that these 2 WiFi signals come from 2 different ISPs, then you better purchase a decent router device that can combine these two ISP signals into 1, the combined signal can then be used by the only WiFi network controller in your laptop. Or desktop.

In other words, if you have a need to bundle the signals from 2 (or more) ISPs you do not do this on your laptop or desktop, but in the routing device of your home/company network. The concept is called 'bundling' and requires you to read up on networking. You can do this with OPNSense, pfSense and other software-based firewallson a PC, which needs at least 3 network cards in it. One network card for one ISP, the second network card for the other ISP and one network card for your internal network.

If you go the PC route, you'll need network cards (Intel is the preferred brand here). That hardware isn't free, the OPNSense and pfSense software is, but you'll need time to set these up properly or pay someone to do that for you.

You can also get specific routers with this functionality already built-in. That is usually much more expensive, but easier to maintain.

Living Room / Saying goodbye to the old year with a cheer!
« on: December 30, 2020, 03:52 PM »
And 2020 most certainly deserves this video:


Living Room / Re: Gadget WEEKENDS
« on: December 30, 2020, 03:30 PM »
It is easier to setup than VNC. AnyDesk and similar software take care of routing, port-forwarding etc.

Installing VNC is not difficult either, but when a WAN is introduced, it becomes more complicated. From your posts in this forum, I believe you are capable to do all those changes in your home network, but everyone can appreciate how easy AnyDesk makes it.

Next to that, you can enable 2FA on the AnyDesk connection and creating of (reverse) TCP tunnels becomes extremely simple too. 

Living Room / Re: Gadget WEEKENDS
« on: December 30, 2020, 03:25 PM »
As long as both devices are connected to the internet, you can install software like NoMachine, AnyDesk, TeamViewer, etc. on each device. Then you can start the software on the device that is intended as the display and "connect" through your (local) network to the other device.

Works like a charm on Windows and Linux. AnyDesk is by far the easiest, you can use it for free and hardly nags at you. When both devices are in your own LAN (same subnet), you can watch video with audio without synchronization problems. Tried that myself. If you care about synchronization issues, AnyDesk is less ideal to watch videos with audio on a computer that is not in your own network. But for office work/coding etc. it still works excellent.

N.A.N.Y. 2021 / Re: NANY 2021 Entry: The Lightning Bolt Quiz
« on: December 26, 2020, 10:15 PM »
But, in an effort to bring a lighter tone to this thread, check out this link to a fun and musical intermezzo, made by Google. However, you can create your own compositions as well.

The similarity between the music behind this link and Gregorian chant music is quite high. Especially the latter I find "soothing" on many levels , but the Google project comes quite close. Let's hope the link does the same for other participants in this thread.

N.A.N.Y. 2021 / Re: NANY 2021 Entry: The Lightning Bolt Quiz
« on: December 26, 2020, 09:57 PM »
I moved the post, after reporting it.  It was not intended as censoring, just that it had already been asked that we not discuss by members, and the discussion continued.  We did the same thing on Coronavirus related concerns, the most recent being a few scant days ago, so to single this out as not that seemed a bit like it was an uneven application of the rules.  In the future, I'll just report such things for someone else to take care of, as it seems I stepped over a line or something.

Do with this what you will, but wraith808 was given the right to moderate, so by all means he should moderate. Maybe my indifference to religious matters clouds my vision, but I didn't see where wraith808 overstepped any line. Timely and consequent application of forum rules I personally appreciate more.

Living Room / Re: Gadget WEEKENDS
« on: December 25, 2020, 08:15 AM »
Always had issues here with NoMachine. While AnyDesk is laughable simple, the same cannot be said for NoMachine, in my n=1 experience.

Let me share my experience with AnyDesk:
The Android version of AnyDesk on my Huawei P20 (not the Lite version) has no problem connecting to my 64-bit computers running AnyDesk. It wasn't a problem when my phone was still running Android 9, But some 5 months ago it got Android 10 and still no problem.

According to the internet the Kirin 970 processor is a 64-bit ARM processor. Could not find quickly if the Android version on my phone is 64-bit or not. Connecting my phone (through AnyDesk) with my Linux laptop, running 64-bit Pop! OS is no problem at all. Connecting my phone (through AnyDesk) with my other local Windows machines was also no issue at all. No matter the direction of the connection.

Connecting my phone (through AnyDesk) with remote Windows machines at my disposal was no problem either, but audio was not always that great. But since a few months at the remote location a fiber connection is available. Before that only a cable connection. When that connection is active, operation of AnyDesk can be flaky. But that has much more to do with the quality of the connection than AnyDesk itself. The fiber connection appears to be a much "smoother" experience.

Connecting to/from my 64-bit Linux laptop with my ARM Android phone using AnyDesk was no issue at all. Think it is a pretty safe bet that you can expect the Linux version you'll use on your Raspberry Pi device will not give you problems when connecting with Android devices using AnyDesk.

This might help:

Another link that may be of assistance:

Addresses that Exchange deems as internal, you can forget about showing up as: (recipient name) <recipient address>. Exchange will always remove the <recipient address> part. That is just how Exchange does its business.

General Software Discussion / Re: 32bit Linux distro recommendations
« on: December 20, 2020, 03:37 PM »
FWIW the SSD I used came out of my old win10 desktop.  The interesting bit is that the netbook booted into win10 straight away, no questions asked.  Impressed me no end considering whats under the hood

Gives me the impression that there is something going wrong with the boot partition on your drive. You better use a proper partition management tool to completely wipe all partitions from that SSD. On Windows my personal preference is MiniTool Partition Wizard. But Acronis is also OK. The partition manager built into Windows itself isn't that great, so I would not use that to wipe a drive clean. GParted on Linux is also OK to wipe all muck from a hard disk.

As a contrast, including the download of the installation iso (2.1 GByte) it took me about 20 minutes to install Pop! OS on my laptop, a Lenovo Yoga 500 (14IBD). The only thing I changed on that laptop was exchanging the 500GB hard-disk with a 120GB SSD (Samsung 850 EVO). Also a drive that was used as a boot drive in a Windows computer.

Swapping drives between Windows computers I have done before. Usually Windows will remain working if you swap from one Intel based system to another Intel based system. Or from a AMD based system to another AMD based system (especially when these processors are from the same "family"). Windows often balks when you swap from Intel to AMD or the other way around.

General Software Discussion / Re: 32bit Linux distro recommendations
« on: December 19, 2020, 12:03 PM »
Sounds like you ended up in the Grub shell environment.

This forum post on the Linux Mint forum should be helpful.

Also, a boot partition on a hard disk needs to have a specific bit set. This is normally managed by the installation software. More specifically, the automatic partition part of the installer.
You can check with partition management software (based on Linux/Windows, it doesn't matter) to check if that bit is set. Now it is unlikely that this bit got reset somewhere during your installation, but if it did, you can spend quite a while before you check this and find that this was the problem all along.

Linux Mint has a pretty descriptive manual for installing their operating system. Perhaps this page can help you find out what your problem is (the bottom half).

This is a link for fixing Grub from the Grub shell, if you want to go that way.

All these installation issues make you see Linux from a not so flattering side.

But Windows 10 also comes with its own problems. This is the latest one

General Software Discussion / Re: Windows 10 Announced
« on: December 19, 2020, 12:42 AM »
Let me begin by confessing that I own a pretty crap Bluetooth 60% keyboard (which looks like a Apple mini keyboard, and that is where all similarities end). A cheap Chinese rip-off, but I did buy a Bluetooth dongle to be able to use it with my desktop. When I use a wireless speaker, Bluetooth power saving mode doesn't activate. OK. I also own a Bluetooth Apple Macbook mouse. Also no problem with Bluetooth's power saving mode.

But with that keyboard, Bluetooth's power saving features would already occur within 10 seconds of inactivity. So not only do I understand the problem app103 experiences, I sympathize too.

However, disabling the setting shown in the image worked out well for my situation. Likely you (app103) have tried that setting already, but it might help others.

Come to think of it, you should disable the power saving feature from your (wired) network card too. Works exactly the same as shown in the image.

General Software Discussion / Re: 32bit Linux distro recommendations
« on: December 16, 2020, 06:13 PM »
How are you installing Linux?

Do you keep the Windows partition? Or did you let the installer you tried overwrite everything on the hard disk?
When you do the latter, it makes installing Linux much simpler.
But when you have or want a dual boot Atom machine, chances are that the bootloader (GRUB most likely) is getting overwritten during your reboot procedure.

You could try this to attempt to repair the boot sector(s) from the hard drive in your Atom machine. Looks to me one of the easiest boot repair tools to use. Once the boot sector(s) are set correctly, the GRUB bootloader can find the boot files it needs in the location where it expects these files to be. Once it does you should get a very basic screen with several boot options. By default the most likely boot option you need is already pre-selected and you can either wait a few seconds or hit the 'Enter' key to continue.

If you fancy a dual boot machine, better install Windows first, then Linux. The GRUB bootloader is able to cope with Windows. The Windows bootloader is (and likely never will be) capable to "see" an existing Linux installation. Dual boot is not what I would recommend though.

Is the Atom machine easy to open? If it is, I would exchange the current hard disk with a fresh SSD drive. A 120 GByte model should not be too expensive. That way you would not lose anything you have stored on that machine and you have a fresh drive to start and play with Linux. With an easy to open case you could exchange drives when needed. May be the best way to go about it anyway, as you won't lose any data accidentally. Within Linux it is not a problem to read files/folders from a NTFS (or FAT32) partition, but where things may go awry is writing to such a partition. Especially with stripped down versions of Linux like Puppy Linux, Tiny Linux, Porteus, etc.

For example: next year my router PC will be 15 years old. In my network there are 3 more computers that are 10+ years old. One of these is still a Pentium 4 class PC. All stuff I want to backup from other computers (Windows/Linux) in the network are stored on this Pentium 4 class PC by each client PC. The only thing the P4 machine does is creating archives from the collected files and fill backup files with these archives using Bacula. The P4 machine has a GUI-less Linux on it and the system is managed by through a web interface called: webmin. 5 to 6 hours it is busy creating archives, the rest of the time it is receiving files to backup and generating (graphical) reports from the backups, which can be accessed through another web-interface. If it wasn't for the pending drop of 32-bit support in Ubuntu Server editions, this little machine would still function just fine.

The example above hopefully shows that we share a similar mindset regarding old hardware. Re-purpose is the name of that game.

Not to offend, but the suggestion of my previous post: get a slightly better laptop and try a full-fledged version of Linux on that, still stands. All those small Linux distros have one thing in common, compromises in software and functionality in one way or another. Those compromises are likely to bite you in the end, unlike a full version of Linux.

My previous post also suggested to wait with Linux on the Atom machine until you feel confident enough that you can re-purpose it for tasks running on a Server edition of Linux without GUI, which is so much easier on the available resources in your Atom machine. It could become your own personal DNS server, for example. Or let it monitor all traffic in your network. Perhaps use it to manage 2 to 3 (lower resolution) security cameras for your house. Or other similar tasks you deem useful.

General Software Discussion / Re: 32bit Linux distro recommendations
« on: December 16, 2020, 12:46 PM »
If you need a GUI for Linux, I would suggest 'Pop! OS' from System76. That is a computer builder that builds Linux laptops/desktops. With a similar feel as Mac computers/laptops (with a price tag to match). However the take Ubuntu, add their "magic" to the installation .iso and you'll get a really nice Linux experience. Best of all, they offer their installation .iso to download for free.

Unfortunately, you do need a bit of horsepower. But on my second hand Lenovo laptop of 2014, Pop! OS runs really well. A far cry from Windows 8 (that was installed originally) and its migration to Windows 10. After that, the laptop was one pile of crap. Got so fed up with that and tried several Live distros. Pop! OS and Ubuntu Studio were the better ones, but Pop! OS has a slightly better workflow. Tried that for a working day, and did not feel impeded in what I could do when I wanted to.

My laptop is a Lenovo Yoga 500 (a 2-in-1 model). The only change I made was replacing the "rust churning" hard disk with a 120GB SSD I still had laying around. The CPU inside isn't so strong either, but also not as bad as an Atom. So, on your Atom machine you would likely be better off installing a GUI-less Server version of Linux, and then add the lightest GUI you can find for that version of Linux. Unfortunately, doing that throws you immediately into the deep end. Not recommended at all.

Most mini linux versions that run on your Atom machines do not receive much updates anymore. If you want to have an up-to-date kernel and supported code to go with that, you'll need a modern distro. Which in turn requires you to have a bit more computational horsepower than Atom-based systems contain. That does not mean your Atom machine is useless. Once you have enough skill with Linux, you can install Linux without a GUI, install 'webmin' or 'cockpit' (including all their requirements) and you can manage the Atom based machine using your browser on another machine in your network.

As far as I understood, many distros are phasing out 32-bit support completely. So you might get into trouble with the Atom machine anyhow.

Myself, I paid about 100 USD for my Lenovo laptop about a year ago. You might be able to get you a similar deal. I would definitely recommend going that route. Modern Linux distros have come a long, long way.

Living Room / Re: How do you get melted rubber out of carpeting???
« on: December 13, 2020, 12:28 AM »
Mythbusters consisted of more than just the two main characters. There were also 3 aids who did the smaller myths to bust. This video was about one of those smaller myths. Too lazy to look it up right now, but I think there were always people helping out the two main characters. The three people you see in this video were the most capable, with the best screen presence and had a good "chemistry" together.

That little group also has their own 'cult'-following, just as the two main characters Adam and Jamie do. Mythbusters has been cancelled for quite a while already, so no new episodes anymore.

Living Room / Re: How do you get melted rubber out of carpeting???
« on: December 12, 2020, 11:26 AM »
FWIW flour is potentially explosive.  The attached isn't a great example, but a google search will turn up plenty of very dramatic incidents

In the surroundings of the place where I grew up, is a company that produces feed for farm animals. On their main lot are 5 separated production facilities where on each bottom 2 lorries can park to be charged with the end product, and next to that parking space is the production facility and a 60 meter (180 feet) high silo. Those silos 15 meters at their widest and made of concrete. On top there is a venting hole that is covered with a concrete slab of about 50 square meter.

Well, the mixture of air and particles inside that silo went wrong once. Because of the venting hole the silo didn't break, but the explosion was heard 10 kilometers away and people found that concrete slab 1 kilometer away from that production facility.

It is the mixture: amount of particles per volume unit of air and a spark. That is really nothing more to it. Works with almost anything, as long as the mixture is right. Powdered coffee creamer is another fine example of getting a really violent reaction.

Here is a Mythbuster's video about that:

Is this for local use? Or in a network (LAN) you control? Or is this for a machine that "faces" the internet?

In case of the first situation, you can get away with the use of HTTP protocol, instead of the HTTPS protocol. And if the files are stored on the computer running the kiosk software, the only thing you need to do to create a link in the HTML is:  file:///C:\example\folder\structure\example_file_name.mp4  This will result in click-able links that open the linked file in the browser, not the default configured application. Depending on the file type you may need to install extensions in the browser to allow the browser to open them.

In case of the second situation, you can still get away with the use of the HTTP protocol, as your traffic remains in the LAN network you control. You will need to make the files available on a share if these files are located on a different computer in your network. You can assign a drive letter to that share and use:  file:///Z:\example\LAN_share\example_file_name.pdf   File will still be available as a link, your browser will still be able to open these if the appropriate extensions are installed.

In case of the 3rd situation, on a machine that "faces" the internet, you will need to use the HTTPS protocol. Most browsers won't allow any cross-link to the HTTP protocol anymore and only if the files are stored on the internet facing computer it might still be possible to link them in HTML using:  file:///<drive letter>:\example\folder\example_file_name.rtf   From a security standpoint, files stored directly on such a computer likely end up being more trouble than they are worth.

Unless I misread your request, a solution like: NextCloud  may be much more useful. You have a nice web interface for file management, you can create a user in that ecosystem, which can only open files and nothing else, remove the password for that user and you have already practically all you need. Unfortunately, it is not a lightweight solution. And there is no version of NextCloud to install on Windows. Given the stance of the developers, there never will be a version for Windows either.

You'll need a computer (virtual or on real hardware), install Linux on it, turn that into a LAMP server, then install NextCloud on that machine, configure it with user accounts/rights/extensions to your needs and finally add the files you wish to be available in the NextCloud instance, turned into a kiosk of sorts. VirtualBox (for creating virtual computers) is freeware, Linux is open source and can be freely downloaded (Ubuntu Server LTS version, it is one of the simplest ones you can use, because the installer has an option to turn it into a LAMP server immediately), NextCloud is open source and can also be freely downloaded.

What it will cost, is time. How much time? If you are a quick learner, not as much as you would think. Configuring NextCloud will be a bit of a time sink, because you'll see what nice things the default version can do and then you'll get a whiff of the available extensions. You'll likely end up dreaming up much more use-cases for that NextCloud server. There is an on-line demo available where you can try out NextCloud and get a glimps of it's features (for the instant trial, the password is: demo). It can be as open or as closed off as you want it to be. And it runs just as well on-premise as it does in any type of cloud setup too.


LTSC versions of Windows 10 is intended to be used on computers with a specific use-case in mind. Windows 10 Enterprise, Pro or Home for anything else. Kiosks are in principle generic computers and Windows 10 LTSC is not intended for them. Microsoft's rules, not mine.

These Microsoft instructions might be of some use to you. But from your post I gather that things might get too technical too quickly with these instructions. Still, checking these out won't hurt.

Lots of extra features are not available for LTSC versions of Windows. That doesn't mean those cannot be installed later through official or not so official means, but you shouldn't count on such tricks for production machines. That will bite you in the long run.

How often do the files change in the folders you wish to make available? If those are pretty static, then it might be an option to use a generator for static HTML pages. Pages can be maintained by using MarkDown files (or AsciiDoc...yep, harping on that again), the generator will turn the adjustments into static HTML pages and these could then be served to users that can only open a browser that is hard-coded to only open these static HTML files.

With AsciiDoc you do have syntax that creates tree views in a HTML version of a Windows explorer screen. If I read the cheat-sheet of AsciiDoc correctly, that is. But something like that will likely also be available for MarkDown.

It won't be too easy to create, but in your post you indicated that you are capable of working with HTML and that makes working with MarkDown or AsciiDoc a breeze. My current expectation is that after the initial setup has been fleshed out, maintaining it afterwards should not be too much of a problem for yourself or probably even for someone less skilled than yourself. If such a thing is of consideration, of course.

Living Room / Re: Accessing my laptop from anywhere
« on: December 09, 2020, 11:33 AM »
Apache Guacamole is the software you seek. When you have a linux computer at your home, you can install Guacamole on it, and configure RDP, SSH and VNC type of connections to any or all computers or networked devices in your home network. There is no Windows version, The makers don't give a crap about Windows, so don't expect them to make a Windows version any time soon, if ever.

It is not easy to install, requires a lot of reading, port forwarding on your router/firewall solution, etc. , but once you have done all that, you can use a browser to access the Guacamole server where you then open the configured connection you created. I went through all that and must say that it works very well.

But if the above looks like it is too complicated, better fall back to a solution like AnyDesk. Free to use for non-commercial purposes. Can be installed on Windows, Linux, Mac, Android and iOS. Install that on any computer you wish to create a connection to and set it up to allow for remote access always. If you do so, set a good password (you can even add 2FA to create that connection). Create also an easy to remember alias for the computer you wish to connect to. Now you need to install AnyDesk on a business laptop (or keep running it in 'portable' mode, which is default), connect to the alias you created and you have access to your laptop at home.

Both will wake the connected remote computer from simple sleep states, not sure about modes 'Wake-On-LAN' or 'hibernation' though.

AnyDesk is the way easier option and works very well too. Make sure the intenet connection at home is a good one though. Because with cable modems the upload part of your connection is often more flaky than the download part of that connection. I connect to different locations that use a mix of fiber and cable connections. Fiber works like a charm every time, no hiccups of any kind. Cable modems, that is a whole different story...

Living Room / Re: How do you get melted rubber out of carpeting???
« on: December 06, 2020, 09:34 PM »
Re-carpet the whole room. If there is a budget for it, you can perhaps sell the re-carpetting as a "refreshing" surprise house improvement to your better half.

Or in case you have grand children, you can let them "strategically" play with messy stuff in that area en let the wife "discover". But I was reading you already have found the "volunteer" who is taking one for the team...  ;)

Or invest in a comfortable couch/guest bed and undergo her wrath.  :P

General Software Discussion / Re: Etcher on Linux?
« on: December 03, 2020, 10:52 PM »
120 MByte and not even capable of doing what a similar 1 MByte tool can do. Etcher is based on Electron. A browser(engine) isn't the most optimal software for many tasks (as are web-interfaces, but that is another rant), but Electron does just that. Haven't verified it, but I also read somewhere that Electron does collect a lot of telemetry data from systems it runs on.

Generic coding and using a sort of VM to run that code on every available platform. That is the Java concept. And while that has been a pretty successful concept, especially in the workplace, it didn't catch on with consumers over the years. And now that Oracle owns Java, I don't expect a bright future anymore. But Electron seems hell bent on using the same concept, but using a browser(engine) and javascript. Both known for  using a lot of computing resources in not so efficient ways when compared with code written directly for the platform the application needs to run on.

The amount of resources Electron uses, the need or want of coders to only see Electron as their hammer to solve their (computational) problems all feels so inefficient and 'bloated' to me. Almost like an unwillingness to do a bit more effort and create optimized code. After all, code is created once and used many times on many computers. Better make it as efficient as possible when it is still in the hands of the coder, so all it's users don't have to spend (time/energy) when the code actually runs. Because when code runs efficiency decreases run-times, which makes processes as a whole run faster. And time is money. Offset against the cost of running software, the costs for developing platform-specific software are a pittance.

Sorry, ranting again.

General Software Discussion / Re: Etcher on Linux?
« on: December 03, 2020, 07:03 AM »
How do I install and use Etcher on Linux for making a live Linux USB?

Was Linux not intended to be a clean operating system, unburdened by the bloat that comes with Windows applications?
So why would you even consider Etcher? It is already an abomination on Windows, it should be prohibited on every other operating system...  ;)

Nope, else these links would have appeared in their search results:  and  http://windowsbullet...xe/vasilios-freeware

These appear to have downloadable files still. Didn't check that personally. As stated earlier, it is about 14 old software. It isn't that interesting anymore and likely a security risk by now.

Living Room / Re: Interesting "stuff"
« on: December 01, 2020, 10:39 PM »
A shame. It truly is.

However, the location is still good and after 60 years of operation, a change/improvement in hardware is inevitable. Now is a good a time as any to upgrade the installed equipment there, while repairing it. Perhaps with the new equipment the observatory is capable of catching incoming asteroids on time (not missing the last one in Siberia, a few years back).

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