The basics are located here: http://www.thirtydaychallenge.com/
You'll also want to look up these 2 blogs among many:http://www.copyblogger.com/http://www.problogger.net/The summarized version are:
Buy your own domain.
Make sure the content of your blog is specific.
Learn what SEO (Search Engine Optimization) is.
Avoid duplicate posting contents.
Reply in other blogs (but don't spam the blog url) to get trackbacks.
Write about contents of other blogs.
Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, FriendFeed...advertise...advertise...advertise... (but don't spam)
Provide interesting and free content.
Don't create long posts. If you must: create short posts that link back to a long post. Ex: http://www.copyblogg...com/copywriting-101/
Learn your competitors.
Know what tickles your audience. (Lots of stuff involving analyzing web site visits, etc. etc.)
Add buttons to make it easier for your readers to submit your posts in social media.
Cheat the system. (But once you get caught you get penalized and have to re-make another domain. Plus I don't know how to do this.)
Create tons of other blogs that link back to the contents of each other. (But don't duplicate copy or make any two blogs about the same thing.)
Format your blog posts for a search engine but make it attractive to your readers.
Make your blog attractive to readers. (Add images)
Ehh... there are tons of others. It's almost too big to fill in one topic. Just look at this one forum for example: http://forums.digitalpoint.com/