I wanted something similar, i.e. a way to write short notes when I am on desktop (mostly) and viewing those notes in simple and quick manner, on my Android phone.
As said above by others, I found the below combination best for me.
1. ResophNotes http://www.resoph.co...phNotes/Welcome.html
2. Simplenote https://simplenote.com/
for Andoid, also IOS.
Excerpt from the ResophNotes site,
Simple and fast notes on Windows
Sync online with Simplenote
Support proxy (require HTTPS protocol)
Access notes on iPhone and iPad through Simplenote app
Portable version suitable for flash drive
(no modification on host computer)
Support Note as List Items
Simplenote premium required for viewing in Simplenote App
Global hot-key for creating new note
Global hot-key to restore window when minimized
Support “Markdown” (text-to-HTML conversion) with preview
Recognize HTTP and email address in note for redirect
Support “internal link” with [ and ] (wikilink)
Optional plain text file (.txt) per note as database
ResophNotes will automatically generate .txt files in the first sync
Complete keyboard control
Single Note Mode (F11)
Simplenote Pinned and Tag support
Restore deleted note(s), permanently delete note(s)
Totally FREE (Donations are welcome to help future development)
My requirement is solved and I am happy now. See if it can be helpful to you.