Long answer: Going straight to the sources here (Asus)
and here (Intel)
give you all the specs.
Starting with the most important one, the socket LGA1155, they seem to at least physically
Next check is looking for what CPU's
the manufacturer made the board for. There's no mention of this Xeon there, so I'm quite sure it's not
going to work as you would like
Then try to find the matching Core ix processor, which looks like a Core i7 2600(K) would match closest.
Then look at the price of both Xeon $339,-; Core i7 2600 $294,-; Core i7 2600K $317,-
I'd ask: Why would you?
Short answer: No. Unless... (you can get your hands on both and just try without obligations)
This Tom's Hardware article
explains why you'd want a real server-chipset for that CPU.