Actually, that one's pretty simple.
Make certain no button has focus or can be triggered with a single key press, i.e., Quarantine would be Alt-Q, not just Q. Alternatively, make the default button perform no action, let it be a dummy.
The alternative is chancy, since the keyboard folk will wanna be able to tab to the button of their choice, so inadvertent action is still a possibility.
Don't think time delay would work unless there's some way to circumvent if the wrong action is taken.
There was something I used in Linux, don't remember what, that would pop up a window on top of all others, but did not steal focus from whatever was being done. It got your attention when you looked at the screen, but let you keep doing what you had been doing ... kinda weird, looking at a top-level window, but still typing into the window below it.
Maybe that could be done ... not that I'd expect the AV folk to buy it, but, still ...